Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain-based disorder that affects a person's ability to focus. Despite its common association with hyperactive young boys, ADHD can affect anyone, regardless of gender or age. Although ADHD can have negative impacts on a person's life, it can also be managed with therapy or medication.
The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but genetic factors may play a role. The chances of being diagnosed with ADHD are higher if your parent or sibling has it. Brain injury, premature delivery, and prenatal exposure to drugs, tobacco, or alcohol may also contribute.
Signs of ADHD include (but aren't limited to):
Typical ADHD symptom lists are based on studies of boys, so ADHD may show up differently in adults or females.
There are a few types of ADHD, including what used to be called "ADD" but is now called Inattentive Type ADHD.
Stereotypical ADHD looks like this. Hyperactivity and distraction symptoms are both present in people with combined type ADHD. They might struggle to focus their thoughts and still their bodies.
This is the least common type of ADHD diagnosis. Those who experience impulsive/hyperactive ADHD have fewer concentration problems than people with other types, but they have trouble with impulse control. They might move and talk very fast and have difficulty waiting and resting.
People with inattentive type ADHD are often forgetful and easily distracted. They might lose objects frequently and have trouble listening.
Children with ADHD are more likely to struggle in school than their peers, and adults with the disorder may struggle with workplace performance and anxiety or depression.
ADHD can, however, be an asset when managed properly. People with ADHD tend to be highly creative, out-of-the-box thinkers. When they have the negative aspects of their symptoms under control, they can be incredibly productive and make connections at astonishing speeds. Some of the world's most successful people- like Bill Gates and Walt Disney- have had ADHD.
There are lifestyle changes that can help those with ADHD manage symptoms while leveraging the â€œsuperpowersâ€ that come with ADHD:
If you're still seeing ADHD impact your life negatively after trying the above, you'll probably need more intervention to address the issue. You should see a mental health professional who may suggest one of the following treatments:
You can find more information about yoga, mindfulness and exercise in Sokya's resource library. You can also grab a few resources to help you set routines and prioritize tasks when your ADHD is making it hard be productive.